Hemorrhoids are inflamed and irritated skin containing blood vessels in the anus. They are a very common problem associated with constipation. One in three Americans will seek a physician in their life time for the treatment of hemorrhoids. About 10 million Americans suffer from them right now! While most people do not feel their hemorrhoids, and they are asymptomatic, many people will present with symptoms at one point of their lives.
In majority of cases, excessive straining, constipation, diarrhea, lifting heavy objects and being overweight can lead to or can exacerbate hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are very common in pregnant patients as well. There are two types of hemorrhoids, internal and external. Internal hemorrhoid typically present with painless bleeding in the toilet bowl or on tissue paper. At times a bulge can be felt by the patients protruding though anus, that is at times is extremely painful. External hemorrhoids typically present with pain, itching and at times severe rectal discomfort.
Hemorrhoids are easily diagnosed by examination of rectal area and are easily treated. Treatment includes medications to control pain and bleeding. In addition as majority of hemorrhoids caused by constipation, high fiber diet and adequate water intake is stressed. Non-surgical treatment modalities are highly effective, long lasting and should be tried first, as the success rate is over 90%. These include laser treatment and tying hemorrhoids with rubber bands. Both procedures take less than 3 minutes to perform and do not require any anesthesia.