Archive for the ‘Health News’ Category

Why Am I So Constipated?

Wednesday, November 12th, 2014

 

Brooklyn Colonoscopy and Endoscopy

Potential Causes and Solutions

1. Do patients often come to you asking about constipation?
This is a very frequent complaint. On average one in four adults suffer from some degree of constipation in the United States. I hear this complaint very frequently, with about a third of my patients inquiring about what to do to help with constipation.

 

2. What are the five most common causes of constipation?  

  • Lifestyle (not enough fiber, liquids and exercise)
  • Side effects of medications
  • Gastrointestinal disorders: irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation
  • Manifestations of endocrine disorders (diabetes or hypothyroidism) or neurological disorders (parkinson’s, stroke)
  • More worrisome causes (i.e. tumors ) usually present with other accompanying signs and symptoms.

 

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The Power of Probiotics

Monday, May 14th, 2012

“Good” bacteria?

Deep inside our intestines, there’s a complex microbial ecosystem, known as the “gut flora” which we now know contains nearly a thousand species of bacteria which may affect our overall health in unimaginable ways!

It has long been recognized that our gastrointestinal system relies heavily on these gut flora or “good bacteria”.  They exert a pronounced effect on the nutrients and energy that get pulled out of food. In fact, these bacteria are thought to play a big role in a slew of health conditions, including combating obesity, diabetes, infections, lactose intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome, high cholesterol, and even colon cancer. There are many theories as to how these bacteria confer their positive benefits such as an anti-inflammatory effect for the body, increased immunity and therefore healing power after an infection, and even the power to fight off potential cancer cells in a microenvironment by competing for the same nutrients.

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Posted in: Brooklyn, Colon Cancer, Dieting, Digestion, Health News, gastrointestinal care | No Comments »

New Study: Aspirin May Thwart C. Difficile

Monday, October 31st, 2011

Dr. Rabin Rahmani studies on Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) were featured at the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) press conference this October. Dr. Rabin Rahmani is the newest addition to the Brooklyn Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Associates and the Greater New York Endoscopy Surgical Center. Dr. Rahmani currently serves as Director of medical education and research for department of Gastroenterology at Maimonides Medical Center. Dr. Rahmani has conducted and published extensively on this topic for past few years. Also it is important to mention his studies showed taking probiotics before starting antibiotics reduced the risk of developing antibiotic-associated diarrhea by about 60 percent.

These are some of the materials that were covered at the event:

Aspirin users had a 40% lower risk of Clostridium difficile diarrhea in a retrospective study of almost 30,000 hospitalized patients. The risk declined even further among patients who reported using a 325 mg aspirin as opposed to the 81 mg dose commonly used for cardioprotection.

"Our thought is that perhaps, in addition to the pH change that occurs as a result of aspirin, there is also a decrease in the inflammatory cascade that is present in the gut, which is known to be very important for C. diff infection," told by Dr. Rabin Rahmani.

"We know that toxin A, one of the toxins of C. diff, induces expression of COX-2 [cyclooxygenase 2], so the thought is that perhaps by inhibiting or modulating that, very simply by giving aspirin, you decrease the chances of patients at high risk getting C. diff.

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Posted in: General Health, Health News, NYGI Doctors | No Comments »

Too Much Gas, Bloating, and Burping?

Sunday, August 28th, 2011

Does excess gas cause you embarrassment and discomfort?

You may feel that you pass a lot of gas, or just suffer from bloating and crampy abdominal pain. You may feel this pain in areas where gas can become trapped, such as in bends in the colon, which occur naturally in the area under the liver (upper to mid-right part of the abdomen), and in the area under the spleen (upper to mid left part of the abdomen).

 

WHERE DOES ALL THIS GAS COME FROM?

There are two main sources of intestinal gas: gas that is ingested (mostly swallowed air) and gas that is produced by bacteria in the colon.

Air swallowing

It is normal to swallow a small amount of air when eating and drinking and when swallowing saliva. Some of that air comes out through belching and some moves on to the small intestine. Belching is more common with certain foods that relax the sphincter around the lower end of the esophagus where it joins the stomach, like peppermint, chocolate, and fats.

Bacterial Production

The colon normally provides a home for billions of harmless bacteria, some of which support the health of the bowel. Did you know that there are more bacteria than human cells in your body? Certain carbohydrates that are incompletely digested by our body’s enzymes are “eaten” by those bacteria instead. The by-products of this process include lots of different gases.

A condition called bacterial overgrowth can increase the number of bacteria and cause excess gas production.

But most people who complain of excessive gas do not produce more gas than the average person. Instead, they are more aware of normal amounts of gas. People with IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and FD (functional dyspepsia) are especially sensitive, for example.

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Posted in: Colon Cancer, Crohn's Disease, Dieting, Digestion, General Health, Health News, Heartburn, gastrointestinal care | 8 Comments »

Processed Foods You Could Do Without

Thursday, February 24th, 2011

Eating processed food can cost you more than you think, in terms of money and your own health. There’s a special beauty in cooking your meals, and the benefits from it can led you to a healthier and happier existence. If you don’t take good care of yourself, nobody else will. Companies that offer you processed food are running businesses. And, to do so, they aren’t interested in your health; they only care about how to make these products more sugary, salty and saturated with savory fat.

Eating less processed food has definitely become a popular trend for the past few years. Michael Pollan, author of Omnivore’s Dilemma, In Defense of Food, and Food Rules, has a lot to do with this, especially because of his most important food rule: "If it came from a plant, eat it. If it was made in a plant, don’t."

Processed food, (defined by the US Food and Drig Administration as any food other than a raw agricultural commodity that has been subject to processing, such as canning, cooking, freezing, dehydration or milling), is more recurrent nowadays, and the key to enjoy of a healthy lifestyle is to detect and avoid the ones you could do without.

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Posted in: Dieting, Digestion, General Health, Health News, gastrointestinal care | 2 Comments »

The Value of Liver Biopsies

Monday, February 14th, 2011

The best way to diagnose symptoms caused by abnormal liver function is to have a liver biopsy.

Hepatitis, gastritis, cirrhosis and pancreatitis are only a few diseases that can be triggered as a consequence of abnormal liver function and the best way to beat them is to anticipate them.

Prevention is the key of modern medicine. By having a liver biopsy you not only can beat a disease to the punch, but also you can enjoy of some peace of mind by knowing that your liver is completely healthy and is functioning properly.

Usually, a liver biopsy is performed to estimate a degree of liver damage in order to decide a type of treatment. But don’t worry. A biopsy and a surgical procedure are nothing alike. On the contrary, liver biopsies are quick and painless methods, designed to remove samples of liver tissue to diagnose them.

As a matter of fact, Pamela Anderson had this procedure done. The beauty from Baywatch is perhaps the best-known hepatitis C patient that knows exactly what the value of liver biopsy is: priceless.

Posted in: General Health, Health News, Surgical Procedures | No Comments »

Glutens Could Be Contributing to Celiac Disease Rise

Wednesday, December 22nd, 2010

A new study that involved 141 adult subjects is contributing to the ongoing debate on whether a diet filled with glutens can lead to symptoms of Celiac Disease.

Published in the ACS Journal of Proteome Research, the study revealed that many of the people in the study did not in fact have Celiac Disease, but instead were showing the same distinctive metabolic makeup that people who suffer from Celiac Disease.

People who suffer from Celiac Disease are characterized as being unable to properly digesr a protein named gliadin, a part of gluten that can be found in wheat, rye, and barley. This autoimmune digestive condition can cause, diarrhea, bloating, and stomach pain. Oftentimes, Celiac Disease goes undiagnosed and steps to curtail its effects are never instituted.

A definitive diagnosis consists of a biopsy taken from the small intestine. There are currently over 3 million diagnosed cases in the Unites States. There is such a thing as a pisitive blood test, but a negative biopsy, meaning they are “potential” Celiac Disease patients, and are typically instructed to adhere to a gluten-free lifestyle.

Treatment usually begins with a total abstinence from foods containing glutens. The debate here is whether a gluten filled diet could accelerate the effects of Celiac Disease, all the way on up to full blown diagnosis.

It seems to be a novel idea to curtail gluten intake if the symptoms seem to be persistent. One take away from this study is that the sample size was relatively small at 141 subjects. Yes, it’s small, but contact your doctor if you think you are at risk for Celiac Disease, are experiencing symptoms, and if a gluten free diet might be right for you.

Happy Holidays and be in good health Brooklyn!

Posted in: Celiac Disease, Digestion, Health News | No Comments »

Shortening the Length of Diarrhea

Tuesday, November 16th, 2010

At some point or another in almost everyone’s life diarrhea rears its ugly head. For most of us it is only a temporary, but extremely uncomfortable, inconvenience. It can be caused by food that we are having trouble digesting, a bacterial infection or flu, or from unsavory diet and drinking habits. While diarrhea may not seem very severe it can all too often become a life-threatening problem.

Every year almost 2 million people die from diarrheal disease in developing countries. Many of these people don’t have clean water to drink, a steady, healthy diet, and medicine to take to relieve the discomfort and symptoms. The standard form of aid offered to these diarrhea victims is a rehydration fluid. What researchers are finding might be a more effective treatment is a healthy dose of probiotics.
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Posted in: Digestion, General Health, Health News | No Comments »

New, Less Invasive Colorectal Cancer Tests Being Developed

Tuesday, November 9th, 2010

There is a new colon cancer DNA stool test being developed by researchers at the Mayo clinic. The real breakthrough here is that it would provide the first real non-invasive way to test for colorectal cancer. The procedure, known as a DNA methylation test, would most likely transform colon cancer checks as we know it.

The American Cancer Society reported that over 100,000 people are diagnosed with colon cancer a year and roughly 39,000 with rectal cancer. It is said to be the second biggest killer due to cancer in the country, and the third most common cancer in adults. A frightening statistic shows that no more than 60% of people over the age of fifty ever get checked and most of the time when the cancer is found it is already in its advanced state. Getting colon cancer checks is absolutely necessary.
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Posted in: Colon Cancer, General Health, Health News, Surgical Procedures, gastrointestinal care | 1 Comment »

Heartburn Medication – How Much is Too Much of a Good Thing?

Thursday, October 14th, 2010

The Minneapolis-St. Paul based Star Tribune recently ran a story profiling a doctor who had just about had enough of the over prescribing of proton pump inhibitors, more commonly advertised by their pharmaceutical names such as Prevacid, Prilosec, and Nexium. Proton pump inhibitors help to drastically reduce and counteract the effects of ailments such as gastric reflux and GERD, which lead to severe and quite uncomfortable heartburn, by lowering the body’s ability to pump acid into the stomach. Despite the great benefit offered by a prescription to proton pump inhibitors, the amount of prescriptions granted – 119 million were written last year – has gotten a bit out of hand.

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Posted in: General Health, Health News, Heartburn | 2 Comments »