Inflammation of the pancreas. It can be characterized by severe upper abdominal pain that is strong enough to be felt clean through the back. Nausea and vomiting are also prominent symptoms. It is most commonly caused by the existence of gallstones in the body and heavy, habitual alcohol consumption. It can also be caused by viral infection. Analgesics can be administered to relieve pain. It is recommended that during treatment the patient receives a steady supply of fluids and salts, while limiting oral intake. If gallstones are the cause then an ERCP is an effective treatment to consider. Treatment is a necessary measure, as the pancreatitis could become acute, leading to shock, hypoglycemia, dehydration and kidney failure, and respiratory complications.
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